MEM INST OSWALDO CRUZ, RIO DE JANEIRO, 97(3) April 2002
PAGES: 313-315 DOI: Full paper
A New Species of Kritskyia (Dactylogyridae, Ancyrocephalinae) Parasite of Urinary Bladder of Prochilodus lineatus(Prochilodontidae, Characiformes) from the Floodplain of the High Paraná River, Brazil

Ricardo M Takemoto +, Maria de los Angeles P Lizama*, Gilberto C Pavanelli*

Núcleo de Pesquisas em Limnologia, Ictiologia e Aqüicultura
*Curso de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia de Ambientes Aquáticos Continentais, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Nupélia Bloco G-90, Av. Colombo 5790, 87020-900 Maringá, PR, Brasil

Abstract

A new species of Kritskyia inhabits the urinary bladder of the "curimba", Prochilodus lineatus in the floodplain of the high Paraná river. The new species resembles others members of Kritskyia in the following features: haptor lacking anchors and with 14 hooks marginal, posterior male copulatory organ non articulated with the accessory piece and vagina a sclerotized tube. However, it differs from the known species mainly by the shape of the copulatory complex. This is the third endoparasitic monogenean species reported from freshwater Neotropical fish.

The record of monogenean parasitizing internal organs of Neotropical freshwater fishes is recent. Until now, only Kritskyia moraveci Kohn, 1990, from the ureters and urinary bladder of the "jundiá", Rhamdia quelen (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824), (Siluriformes) and Kritskyia annakohnae Boeger, Tanaka & Pavanelli, 2001, parasite of ureters and urinary bladder of Serrasalmus marginatusValenciennes, 1836 and Sspilopleura Kner, 1858 (Serrasalmidae), have been reported.

During a survey of parasites of Prochilodus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1836), from the floodplain of the high Paraná river, a new species of Kritskyia was collected from the urinary bladder. The species is described below.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Ninety four specimens of Prochilodus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1836) were collected by net from the floodplain of the high Paraná river. Parasites were collected from the urinary bladder with the aid of a stereoscopic microscope, killed in formalin 1:4000, and preserved in 5% formalin. Some specimens were mounted unstained in Hoyer's medium for study of sclerotized structures. Other specimens, stained with Gomori's trichrome, were used to determine internal organs (as described in Eiras et al. 2000). Measurements, all in micrometers, are expressed as the mean followed by the range and number of specimens measured in parentheses. Illustrations were prepared with the aid of a drawing tube and a Nikon YS 2 microscope. The holotype and paratypes were deposited in the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz Collection (CHIOC), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Terminology related to parasite ecology is based on Margoliset al. (1982) as modified by Bushet al.(1997).

 

RESULTS

Dactylogyridae Bychowsky, 1933 
Ancyrocephalinae Bychowsky, 1937 
Kritskyia boegeri n. sp. 
(Figs 1-5)

Description: body 802 (666-999; n = 7) long; greatest width 171 (111-242; n = 7) near midlength or posterior trunk. Cephalic lobes poorly developed; head organs inconspicuous, cephalic glands indistinct. Eyes subequal; anterior pair closer together; accessory granules rare. Pharynx spherical, 38 (30-50; n = 7) in diameter; esophagus short. Peduncle broad, undistinguishable from trunk; haptor semicircular 49 (32-74; n = 7) long, 98 (70-135; n = 6) wide. Hooks similar, 25 (22-30; n = 7) long, each with short broad thumb, delicate point, expanded shank; FH loop 1/2 shank length. Male copulatory organ a clockwise coil of about 2 rings; base with sclerotized fringe. Accessory piece 49 (40-57; n = 7) long, bipartite. Testis single, post germarium, difficult to observe because of dense vitellarium, only measured in 1 specimen, 57 long and 30 wide, vas deferens loops left gut. Germarium elongate, sinuous, 162 (150-175; n = 6) long and 64 (42-97; n = 6) wide proximally; seminal receptacle ovate, with delicate wall; ootype, uterus not observed. Vagina a sclerotized tube, sinistral, equatorial, opening in a flattened sclerotized disk. Egg spherical, lacking polar filaments, 69 (67-70; n = 2) long, 61 (55-67; n = 2) wide.

Taxonomic summary 
Type host: Prochilodus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1836), Prochilodontidae 
Site of infection: urinary bladder 
Type locality: floodplain of the high Paraná river 
Prevalence: 38.29% 
Mean intensity of infection: 4.81

Etymology: the species is named for Dr Walter Boeger, from the Universidade Federal do Paraná, in honor of his contributions to the study of Brazilian monogenean.

Specimens deposited: CHIOC 34701 (holotype), 34599 and 34700 (paratypes)

Remarks: Kohn (1990) proposed the genus Kritskyia based on specimens collected in Rhamdia quelen from the reservoir of the Hydroelectric Power Station of "Passo Fundo", State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Kritsky et al. (1996) redescribed Kritskyia moraveci and Boeger et al. (2001) described Kritskyia annakohnae, a parasite of the urinary bladder of Serrasalmus marginatusand S. spilopleura from the floodplain of the high Paraná river, Brazil. The new species closely resembles the other two members of Kritskyia by having the male copulatory organ consisting of sclerotized coiled tube with counterclockwise rings and non-articulated to accessory piece, by having a sclerotized vaginal tube, in the shape of the haptor, armed with 14 marginal hooks and absence of anchors, bars, and 4A hooks. However, the new species differ from Kritskyia moraveci Kohn, 1990 in the shape of the copulatory complex. Kohn (1990) described the accessory piece of K. moraveci as being bipartite, however Kritsky et al. (1996) in the redescription of this species, reported the accessory piece to be unipartite and, sheathlike. The accessory piece of K. boegeriis bipartite. Kristya boegeri differs from K. annakohnae by lacking the keel-like, sinistral projection, and differs from K. moraveciand K. annakohnae by having vaginal openings in a flattened sclerotized disk. All species of Kritskyia occur in the urinary bladder of their hosts.

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

To Dr W Boeger, Universidade Federal do Paraná, for the suggestions and reading of the draft manuscript.

 

REFERENCES

Boeger WA, Tanaka LK, Pavanelli GC 2001. Neotropical Monogenoidea. 39. A new species of Kritskyia (Dac-tylogyridae, Ancyrocephalinae) from the ureters and urinary bladder of Serrasalmus marginatus and S. spilopleura (Characiformes, Serrasalmidae) from Southern Brazil with an emended generic diagnosis. Zoosystema 23: 5-10.

Bush AO, Lafferty KD, Lotz JM, Shostak AW 1997. Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited.J Parasitol 83: 575-593.

Eiras JC, Takemoto RM, Pavanelli GC 2000. Métodos de Estudo e Técnicas Laboratoriais em Parasitologia de Peixe,Editora da Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, 171 pp.

Kohn A 1990. Kritskyia moraveci n. g., n. sp. (Monogenea, Dactylogyridae) from the urinary bladder and ureters of Rhamdia quelen (Quoy and Gaimard, 1824) (Pisces Pimelodidae) in Brazil. Syst Parasitol 17: 81-85.

Kritsky DC, Van Every LR, Boeger WA 1996. Neotropical Monogenoidea. 27. Two new species of Telethecium gen. n. from the nasal cavities of Central Amazonian fishes and a redescription of Kritskyia moraveci Kohn, 1990 (Dac-tylogyridae, Ancyrocephalinae). J Helminthol Soc Wash 63: 35-41.

Margolis L, Esch GW, Holmes JC, Kuris AM, Schad GA 1982. The use of ecological terms in parasitology (report of an ad hoc Committee of the American Society of Parasitologists). J Parasitol 68: 131-133.

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