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MEM INST OSWALDO CRUZ, RIO DE JANEIRO, 112(8) August 2017
PAGES: 523-531 DOI: 10.1590/0074-02760170044 Review
Chikungunya virus: clinical aspects and treatment

Rivaldo V da Cunha1,2, Karen S Trinta3,+

1Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Campo Grande, MS, Brasil
2Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul, Faculdade de Medicina, Campo Grande, MS, Brasil
3Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Bio-Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

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Abstract

Chikungunya is a severe and debilitating disease. Currently, Brazil is experiencing an epidemic caused by three arboviruses, which has changed the way health professionals have diagnosed and treated infected patients. The difficulty of diagnosis and the lack of a protocol for patient treatment, which fits Brazilian health system models, have made it difficult to manage this disease. It is necessary to implement a multidisciplinary network of patient care, in which primary care units play the main role. This review aims to present current information regarding the clinical aspects and treatment of Chikungunya virus infection.

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Received 3 February 2017
Accepted 27 April 2017