MEM INST OSWALDO CRUZ, RIO DE JANEIRO, 112(9) September 2017
PAGES: 647-649 DOI: 10.1590/0074-02760170040 Short communication
Emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from clonal complex 398 with no livestock association in Brazil

Egidio Domingos André Neto1, Renata Freire Alves Pereira1,3,+, Robert Eugene Snyder1,4, Thamiris Santana Machado1,5, Lialyz Soares Pereira André1, Claudete Aparecida Araújo Cardoso2,5, Fábio Aguiar-Alves1,5

1Universidade Federal Fluminense, Laboratóro Universitário Rodolfo Albino, Laboratório de Epidemiologia e Biotecnologia Molecular, Niterói, RJ, Brasil
2Universidade Federal Fluminense, Faculdade de Medicina, Departmento Materno-Infantil, Niterói, RJ, Brasil
3Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto de Biologia, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Biotecnologia, Niterói, RJ, Brasil
4University of California, School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, Berkeley, California, USA
5Universidade Federal Fluminense, Escola de Medicina, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Patologia, Niterói, RJ, Brasil

Abstract

CC398 is a livestock-associated Staphylococcus aureus. However, it has also been isolated from humans with no previous contact with livestock. A surveillance of methicillin-resistant S. aureus colonisation among children attending public day care centres and hospitals in Niterói and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between 2011 and 2013, resulted in the isolation of six cases of CC398 from individuals with no previous exposure to livestock. These isolates showed a high frequency of the erm(C) gene (4/6, 66.7%) with induced resistance to clindamycin, and a relatively high frequency of SEs and lukS/lukF genes. These results suggest the emergence of a non-LA-CC398 in Brazil.

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Received 1 February 2017
Accepted 15 April 2017

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